Thursday, August 17, 2017

Electricity I.

This is coolbert:

From the Sheldon Adelson Internet web site Israel Hayom an item by Elliott Abrams portions extracted most pertinent.

Israel exceedingly susceptible [?] to attack by Hezbollah precision guided missiles? The targets vital infrastructure electrical power production perhaps foremost.

Abrams relying heavily [?] on an original article co-authored by Ron Tira  and Gideon Sa'ar!

Concerning Ron Tira and his specific expertise in such matters:

"Tira is a strategist ‎who was a longtime Israeli Air Force officer and pilot"

"The next Israel-Hezbollah conflict"

"Regarding electricity generation in Israel, for example, out of a capacity to generate about ‎‎17,600 MW of electricity, 28% is installed in only two sites (with 10 cumulative ‎production units -- turbines, for example). The six largest electricity generating sites in ‎Israel (including private ones) account for 51% of the national capacity for electricity ‎generation (using only 26 production units). Thus the threat represented by even a small ‎number of precision missiles that breach Israel's countermeasures and strike critical ‎systems, such as electricity generation, could be unprecedented"

HIT THAT ONE OR SEVERAL KEY POINTS OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND YOU SIGNIFICANTLY CRIPPLE YOUR ADVERSARY DURING A TIME OF WAR. ELECTRICITY IN PARTICULAR AS BEING ESSENTIAL TO MODERN HUMAN LIFE NO FURTHER ELABORATION REQUIRED!

coolbert.


Fingers.

This is coolbert:

First Doklam now Ladakh.

Now rocks. Tomorrow AK?

From The Times of India as seen at Freeper:

"Scuffle between Indian and Chinese troops in Ladakh as two incursion bids by PLA foiled"

PLA = People's Liberation Army. [China].

"Highlights. PLA soldiers tried to enter the Indian side in two areas -- Finger Four and Finger Five -- twice on Tuesday morning. Personnel from both sides received some injuries in stone-pelting. The rival troops pulled back from the confrontation site after banner drills to defuse the situation NEW DELHI: A major scuffle, which included stone-pelting, took place between Indian and Chinese soldiers along the Line of Actual Control at eastern Ladakh in the western sector on Tuesday even as the tense troop stand-off in Doklam area in the eastern sector remains locked in a stalemate."


See previous blog entries the topic was Ladakh:

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2013/05/ladakh.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2014/08/ladakh.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/07/ladakh.html

coolbert.



Wednesday, August 16, 2017

A-35.

This is coolbert:

Galosh!

Before there was A-135 there was A-35!

I find I am part right and part wrong in this matter.

Soviet/Russian anti-ballistic missile defense [ABM] from the era of the Cold War but not exactly as I thought it was.

The A-35 system, radar components and missile. The latter code-named Galosh!

"The ABM-1 Galosh (Soviet designation A-350) was a Soviet, nuclear-tipped surface-to-air anti-ballistic missile. The Galosh (NATO reporting name, formerly SH-01) was a component of the A-35 anti-ballistic missile system. Its primary mission was to destroy U.S. Minuteman and Titan intercontinental ballistic missiles targeting Moscow"

"The ABM-1 was introduced during the 1960s with mechanically steered semi-active radar guidance. It contained a high-yield nuclear warhead [two to three megaton thermonuclear.]"

"The ABM-1B (Soviet designation A-350R) was introduced with the advanced A-35M missile system and became operational during 1978. This system was tested at the Sary Shagan Launch Facility with five test flights during 1971, 1976, and 1977, with two more tests during 1993 and 1999."

A-35 as with A-135 intended ONLY to protect Moscow and immediate environs!

Also with regard to effectiveness of the A-35 system consider this from the wiki:

"A memo from the archives of Vitalii Leonidovich Kataev, written circa 1985, had envisaged that the system 'will be completed in 1987 to provide protection from a strike of 1-2 modern and prospective ICBMs and up to 35 Pershing 2-type intermediate-range missiles.'"

THESE ABM SYSTEMS SUCH AS A-35 OR A-135 WILL NOT PROTECT AGAINST A MASSIVE MISSILE ATTACK!

coolbert.






A-135.

This is coolbert:

I was vaguely aware such a system existed during the Cold War but might have thought all missiles and radar by now in the scrap heap. But not so!

Soviet/Russian anti-ballistic missile system! ABM!

As seen at the Russian Times [RT] Internet web site and extracted from same.

"Russia tests nuclear-tipped missile interceptor (VIDEO)"

"The Russian military has successfully tested a short-range ballistic missile interceptor designed to destroy incoming nuclear warheads with a nuclear explosion in the air. These missiles are used in Moscow’s anti-ballistic missile system."

"The A-135 ABM system protects Russia’s capital and its surroundings from a possible nuclear missile attack. It consists of phased-array radar, a command center, and launchers that release two types of interceptor missiles, the long-range 51T6 and the short-range 53T6."

A-135 that combination of radar and missiles!

Gorgon long-range. Gazelle short-range. A-135 limited to the protection of Moscow proper and surrounding environs.

In the operational ABM mode Gorgon carrying a one-megaton thermonuclear warhead. Gazelle a much smaller ten-kiloton atomic warhead [fission bomb]. Gazelle too a mobile system as can be seen in the video!

coolbert.


GOOD.

This is coolbert:

Consider this blog entry to be borderline relevant but in light of the continuing crisis involving North Korean missiles and nuclear weapons pertinent.

GOOD = Get Out Of Dodge.

That article by Ned Barnett and Dianne Bilderback courtesy of American Thinker.

"Surviving the North Korean Nuclear Threat"

"If you have to Get Out Of Dodge (GOOD), you’ll need the following items"

*   "A 72-hour survival kit"
*   " A reliable car"
*    "An evacuation destination --"
*    "Self-defense weapons --"

Further considerations in addition to the GOOD kit:

a. "Self-defense."
b. "a source of potable water"
d. "Batteries, solar cells, or other sources of electricity"
e. "A first-aid kit"
f. "Sanitary supplies"

Solar-powered landscape light and excellent source for indoor lighting. Charge outside during daylight, take inside for illumination during hours of darkness.

Those of you interested further in the subject see these Internet web sites that sell kits and supplies for DOOMSDAY:

"Doomsday Prep: Prepper Gear, Bug Out Bags, and Prepper Supplies"

"Survival Gear | Emergency Survival Supplies ... - US Prepper Gear"

"US Prepper Gear: Survival Gear - Medical Supplies - Bug Out Bag"

"What's New · ‎US Military · ‎Stoves/Cookware · ‎Food
Doomsday Preppers - Survival Supplies"

At a minimum prepare and have ready what is called a "bug-out" bag!

coolbert.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Little Bird.

This is coolbert:

Deja vu all over again. Thirty years later?

From the War is Boring Internet web site as extracted from the article by ROBERT BECKHUSEN.

"A-10 Pilots Train to Attack Swarms of Small Boats"

Brrrt!! USA 1. Boghanners 0.

"It doesn’t necessarily take the resources of a major nation-state to challenge U.S. Navy warships. China for instance is building up a large navy and invests in long-range, ship-killing missiles. Iran can’t build a large navy but it does invest in swarms of small missile boats. Like a swarm of insects, a swarm of boats can pose a threat as a larger, far more expensive warship might not be able to swat them all and a single missile with enough punch can be devastating."

TACTICS AS BEING PRACTICED NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN! THINK OPERATION PRIME CHANCE FROM THIRTY YEARS AGO!!

"Operation Prime Chance (August 1987 – June 1989) was a United States Special Operations Command operation intended to protect U.S.-flagged oil tankers from Iranian attack during the Iran–Iraq War"

"Prime Chance was secret. The army helicopters flew at night, slipping to and from navy flight decks under cover of darkness. The helicopter pilots often flew some 30 feet (9.1 m) above the water, and became the first to use night vision goggles [NOD] and forward looking infrared [FLIR] devices in combat. Tactics included using MH-6 Little Birds as spotters for the more heavily armed AH-6s (for barge-launched missions), and using the warship's radar and that of their SH-60 Seahawk helicopters for the same purpose (on ship-launched efforts)."

U.S. Army Special Operations Aviation Regiment [SOAR] hunter/killer units their role in great measure allowing for American success during Prime Chance.

THIRTY YEARS AGO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY FOUGHT AN UNDECLARED AND UNREPORTED WAR WITH IRAN! DEVOTED READERS TO THE BLOG ARE AWARE OF THIS?

coolbert.



Bekaa.

This is coolbert:

Bekaa sometimes spelled Beqaa.

Daesh = Islamic State.

From Sputnik more on the topic of the Islamic State combatants moving into Lebanon. Invading the traditional strong-point of Hezbollah. Opposed by a multi-national force of Lebanon, Syria, the United States and of course the fighters of Hezbollah.

The Syrian and Hezbollah both aided and abetted by the Russian and Iranian?

"Lebanon: Hezbollah vs. Daesh"

"The international media is abuzz about an impending anti-Daesh offensive along the mountainous Lebanese-Syrian border which will interestingly see the participation of both US special forces and Hezbollah."

WE ARE ALL ABUZZ!

See previous blog entries as applicable:

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/08/beqaa.html

https://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/08/demarche.html

coolbert.


Monday, August 14, 2017

DPRK Nuke.

This is coolbert:

Here with an entire index of articles from various sources as pertinent to the North Korean missile and nuclear crisis. For your perusal:

1. "N Korea Says It's 'On Standby To Launch' - Warns Trump
Of 'Tragic Doom' For The US"

2. "Trump Tells NK It Will 'Regret It Fast' If It Hits Guam"


3. "N Korea Says 3.5m Volunteers 'Ready To Fight US'"

4. "North Korea Issues 'Emergency Standby Orders' To Civil Defense Units: Report"

5. "Does Kim Jong-Un's Strategy Make Sense?"


6. "How US Would Wage Nuclear War Against North Korea"

7. "Can US Attack North Korea And Claim ‘Self Defense’?"


8. "Why War With North Korea Is Unlikely"

Kim and the North Korean leadership [a family business] has a very bad habit of pushing things, causing provocation with intent that is not needed. And the North Korean for DECADES has had the carrot and stick approach used by various nations in an effort to ameliorate the situation without success.

Kim this time has made calculations that will backfire on him? One wrong step and the consequences for everyone in the region are dire!

coolbert.


ROCKETSAN.

This is coolbert:

Here too with more instances of continued Turkish indigenous weapons design, development, construction. Self-sufficiency to the greatest degree possible the goal. And to a certain degree already the goal met.

1. Attack helicopter T129.

The TAI/AgustaWestland T129 is a twin-engine, tandem seat, multi-role, all-weather attack helicopter based on the Agusta A129 Mangusta platform. The T129 was developed by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI), with AgustaWestland as the primary partner. The helicopter is designed for advanced attack and reconnaissance in hot and high environments and rough geography in both day and night conditions."


"The ATAK programme was begun to meet the Turkish Armed Forces' requirements for an attack and tactical reconnaissance helicopter. The T129 is the result of the integration of Turkish developed high-tech avionics, air-frame modifications, and weapon systems onto the combat proven AgustaWestland A129 airframe, with upgraded engines, transmission and rotor blades."

2. UMTAS anti-tank guided-missile.

"Turkey’s indigenous helicopter to be equipped with locally-made missiles"

"Turkey’s new locally-built advanced attack and tactical reconnaissance helicopter ATAK will be equipped with UMTAS, a long range air-to-surface anti-tank missile developed by Turkey’s ROKETSAN"


ROCKETSAN a very going concern with addition product already fielded and going by the names of CİRİT, SOM, TEBER. Read it all here.

coolbert.


MILGEM.

This is coolbert:

Erdogan speaks! Listen!

From the Russian Times Internet web site.

"Turkey to build its own aircraft carriers – Erdogan"

"Turkey is 'committed' to building its own aircraft carriers the Turkish President has said. Recep Tayyip Erdogan added that Ankara is seeking self-sufficiency in its defense industry and will not allow anyone to block its military initiatives."

“'We will build our own aircraft carriers,' Erdogan said at the launching ceremony of the new Turkish Kinaliada Corvette at the Istanbul Navy shipyard."

"The Kinaliada Corvette has been built locally under Turkey’s MILGEM national warship program aimed at building frigates with anti-submarine capabilities based on Turkish domestic technologies."

THE TURK TO THE GREATEST DEGREE POSSIBLE SELF-SUFFICIENT WITH REGARD TO WARSHIPS, INDIGENOUS DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF BOTH! THIS IS THE GOAL!

"The MİLGEM project, from the Turkish words Milli Gemi (National Ship), is a Turkish national warship program, the purpose of which was to build a modern littoral combat ship with indigenous anti-submarine warfare and high-seas patrol capabilities, extensively using the principles of stealth technology in its design"

TURKISH NAVAL AVIATION ASSETS DEDICATED AND SMALL SIZE NAVAL VESSELS [CORVETTE] MORE THAN SUFFICIENT TO PROTECT THE TURKISH COASTLINE?

An aircraft carrier for POWER PROJECTION purposes. Turkey also allowed under the Montreux Convention to operate a carrier in the Black Sea in a manner other nations are not!

coolbert.



Sunday, August 13, 2017

Stung Treng

This is coolbert:

War and rumors of war!

Stung Treng. Ever heard of it? As with Doklam Stung Treng now a flash point. In this case between Cambodia and Laos!

From Sputnik.

"Rumble in the Jungle? Cambodia Threatens War Over Laos Border Dispute"

"A border dispute has the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and Cambodia edging closing to actual hostilities, with the leader of Cambodia giving his neighbor a deadline for removing troops from what he says is Cambodian territory."

"Hun Sen, prime minister of Cambodia, has demanded that Laos withdraw all troops from Cambodian land, threatening war to 'protect our territory' if Laos does not pull back posthaste"

"Why are we fighting? Why are we fighting? We don't want to fight at all. Who wants to fight, who is it? - - Mick Jagger, Altamont.

coolbert.




VIX.

This is coolbert:

North Korea makes ready?

NK civil defense now being mobilized. A VERY troubling development.

Read it all from Zero Hedge:

"North Korea Issues "Emergency Standby Orders" To Civil Defense Units: Report"

Stock market exchanges paying close attention to developments. Fund managers as you might well imagine apprehensive and worried. 

"With markets about to close for the next 2 days, the question on every trader's mind is: "should i carry risk over the weekend, or should I dump it all in case North Korea fires another test, or non-test, ICBM launch"

. . . .

"And while the report has yet to be confirmed by other news outlets, traders are furiously hitting refresh on the website of 38North.org for the daily satellite image update of North Korea's missile launch preparedness, which has yet to hit and which could mean the difference between another sleepy, boring open on Monday and a VIX surging above 20, 30 or more depending on what 'path' Kim Jong-Un picks over the next 48 hours."

VIX =  VOLATILITY INDEX. "The CBOE's Volatility Index, known by its ticker symbol VIX, is a popular measure of the implied volatility of S and P 500 index options, calculated and published by the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE). It is colloquially referred to as the fear index or the fear gauge."

WATCH THE VIX MONDAY! THOSE IN THE KNOW WILL BE!

coolbert.



Headache.

This is coolbert:

As if the Royal Navy [RN] admirals don't have enough concerns already!

The amateur who beats the professionals. And doing so using a commercial drone.

"Largest UK Navy carrier security under review after amateur lands drone on deck undetected"

"Security will be reviewed at the aircraft carrier ‘HMS Queen Elizabeth’ after a photo enthusiast landed a small drone aboard the largest ship in the Royal Navy and remained undetected"


"The incident happened when the ‘Queen Elizabeth’, which is to be commissioned by the Royal Navy later this year, was docked in the Scottish port of Invergordon in July."

A COMMERCIAL DRONE ABLE TO LAND ON THE DECK OF THE LATEST AND MOST POWERFUL BRITISH AIRCRAFT CARRIER WHILE THE SHIP DOCKED AND ESCAPE WITHOUT BEING DETECTED.

THIS TOO A CHINESE DJI DRONE.

See this video of the incident as seen and recorded by the drone operator. And posted to Facebook.

Also see a prior blog entry the deadliness of these commercial drones under the right circumstances.

coolbert.

Saturday, August 12, 2017

Beqaa.

This is coolbert:

Beqaa also sometimes spelled as Bekaa.

Concluding with extracts from the latest edition of the DEBKAfile newsletter:

"US-British airlifts bring arms to Lebanese army fighting ISIS"

9 Aug.

"At least five US and British air force freighters have landed at the Lebanese military air base at Riyaq in the eastern Beqaa Valley in the last few days . . . they are delivering anti-tank rockets and artillery ammo for the Lebanese army which is battling ISIS elements that have infiltrated the the northern Beqaa Valley through the Syrian border."

The Islamic State moves west? And into what has historically been the strong-hold of Hezbollah?

Offensive action of this sort unexpected and hardly what you see as a probable or possible from an adversary beaten and on-the-ropes as they say!

coolbert.

Switchblade NK.

This is coolbert:

Yet more from the latest edition of the DEBKAfile newsletter:

"North Korea reportedly mounts anti-ship cruise missile on fast boat"
   
8 Aug.

"US intelligence sources reported Tuesday that the North Koreans had mounted anti-ship cruise missiles on fast boats, indicating that Pyongyang is preparing for an early test launch of the Stormpetel missile from boats anchored at the Toejo Dong port on its eastern coast."

"The Iranian Revolutionary Guards Navy practiced launching identical cruise missiles last May from a Ghadir-type submarine."

Hard to know with any degree of certainty any details of the Stormpetel missile.

The North Koreans refer to this anti-ship missile as a: "KN-09 Kumsong-3 - Reported North Korean copy of the Kh-35U". KN-09 a North Korean knock-off [?] of the Russian anti-ship missile NATO code-named Switchblade.

"'Switchblade', GRAU 3M24) . . . is designed to attack vessels up to 5,000 tonnes."

Iranians and North Koreans in harmony? Fast boats armed with anti-ship missiles an antidote to the might of the U.S. Navy. The Axis of Evil at work?

NONE of this is really clear to me!

coolbert.














Hashd al-Shaabi.

This is coolbert:

Continuing with extracts from the latest edition of the DEBKAfile newsletter:

"A pro-Iranian militia: Many killed in US air strike at Iraqi-Syrian border"

8 Aug.

"The Iraqi Shiite Hashd al-Shaabi militia claims that a US air strike Monday killed and wounded dozens of its fighters near the Iraqi border with Syria. The militia group, backed by Iran, warned the US there would be serious consequences, stating they will 'not remain silent about the attack,' and called on the Iraqi government and related authorities to launch an investigation into the incident."

"US and coalition special forces hold a position at Al-Tanf, a key point on the Syrian-Iraqi border. They have fended off unremitting forays for their eviction by pro-Iranian and Syrian government forces because their position stands in the way of Tehran's goal of a land bridge between the two countries."

THE AIR STRIKE MUST HAVE CAUSED HEAVY CASUALTIES AND DAMAGE. IF IT HAD NOT THERE WOULD NOT BE ANY COMPLAINT!

See previous blog entries the subject Al-Tanf:

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/06/showdown.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/05/al-waleed.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/06/al-tanf.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/06/exporter.html

coolbert.






Démarche.

This is coolbert:

We are displeased!

Here begins a series of blog entries, extracts from the latest edition of the DEBKAfile newsletter.

"démarche 1. an action or gesture by a diplomat, especially a formal appeal, protest, or the like."

"US troops fight alongside Syrian, Hizballah, Lebanese armies"

7 Aug.
   
"Israeli diplomats have filed a quiet demarche with Washington over the participation of US special forces in a joint operation with the Syrian, Hizballah and Lebanese armies to clear the Lebanese-Syrian border region of Al Qaeda's Syrian arm the rebel Nusra Front,which is fighting with ISIS elements. This is reported by DEBKAfile. This 'coalition's' next target is the Syrian-Israeli border, for the purpose of establishing one of four ceasefire zones, the outcome of the US-Russian deal to cooperate in Syria, which DEBKAfile uncovered from the first. Both powers are determined to impose their agreed ceasefire zones right up to the Golan border, whether Israel likes it or not."

A demarche as presented by the Israeli to the United States. If indeed this joint operation as deemed a reality, politics and war both make for strange bedfellows.

coolbert.


Bulldozer.

This is coolbert:

Three - two - one. Ignition and lift off!!

Doklam!

Our patience is not infinite! Thanks to Freeper for the tip. Doklam again.

"China Says Countdown For War With India Has Begun"

"The relationship between India and China seemed to worsen Wednesday when the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that 53 people and an Indian bulldozer was in China's territory and advised India to pull them back. This followed a warning Tuesday when an editorial in the state-run China Daily said that the 'countdown to a clash between the two forces has begun.'"

ONE BULLDOZER AND THE WHOLE WORLD MUST COME TO AN END? THIS IS HOW  WARS BEGIN?

DO NOT THINK THIS IS MERE RHETORIC! MAYBE MUCH MORE THAN WORDS!

coolbert.

Friday, August 11, 2017

Von Forstner II.

This is coolbert:

Concluding with the combat patrol of the German submarine U-28 during the Great War and the alleged encounter with a sea monster.

First the family Von Forstner of noble rank and military men noted for their contributions to either the Prussian or German cause.

Second and as described an investigation into the incident as was reported and the subject of  a You Tube video:

"The Case of the U-28 Creature"

Finally from the Librivox Internet web site I highly recommend this reading of the Von Forster journal, war time patrols, a "graphic account" perhaps that most perfect example of a war journal an account of submarine warfare by any combatant of any nation during any war.

"The Journal of Submarine Commander Von Forstner

By George-Gunther Freiherr von Forstner.

As read by Sue Anderson and all thanks to Librivox and Sue.

"The Journal of Submarine Commander Von Forstner is a graphic account of WWI submarine warfare. Forstner was the commander of German U-boat U-28. His journal, first published 1916, gives a gritty picture of daily life inside a submarine and details several torpedo attacks on Allied shipping."

It should be noted that NOWHERE in the journal of Captain Von Forster is a mention made of the encounter with the "sea monster".

Let the devoted reader to the blog judge for themselves and at their own conclusions to the "sea monster" incident!

coolbert.

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Von Forstner I.

This is coolbert:

The strange case of U-Boat Captain Von Forstner and the sea monster.

Came across this one quite by accident. Always on the alert too for that description of  paranormal phenomenon as observed by military personnel.

German U-Boat [U-28] during the Great War having sunk an enemy merchant vessel and as a consequence witnessing the appearance of a prehistoric sea monster!!


Artists rendition of the sea monster as thrown into the air by the underwater explosion of the sunken Iberia. A beast of about sixty feet [twenty meters] in length it is reputed.

For those devoted readers to the blog wanting to read more concerning the sea monster refer to this index of Internet web sites devoted to the subject of the German U-Boat U-28 and the encounter with the sea monster:

"U-28 ABOMINATION: (ATLANTIC OCEAN) - Cryptopia.us"


MILITARY PERSONNEL BY TRAINING ARE BETTER OBSERVERS OF "PHENOMENON" AND REPORT SAME IN A MORE UNBIASED MANNER? THEY HAVE NO AGENDA AND THUS ARE MORE TRUST WORTHY?

"There are more things in heaven and Earth, Horatio, / Than are dreamt of in your philosophy [science]." - - Hamlet.

coolbert.


Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Frenzy!

This is coolbert:

It is often suggested that the British during that period of the Great Depression and in those years prior to the Second World War were more or less oblivious to the threat as posed by a resurgent and modern German military and the aggressive intentions of the Nazi regime. "Slept" is the word normally associated with England in that era between the World Wars!

That perception being that the English took few if any measures to provide a robust military force to counter the threat of German mechanized might. This is not so!

"Driven — Britain’s Campaign to Build a Mechanized Fighting Force to Match Hitler’s Panzers"

"In November 1934, the British government, alarmed by Berlin’s rapid rearmament program, authorized the creation of a centre for army mechanization. It was to be located at Chilwell, near Nottingham in the English midlands."

"It further set up a reserve force made up of motor industry professionals and other suitably qualified people so as to be ready in the event of war."

"In November 1933, with the arrival of Hitler and massive German rearmament, the cabinet authorized the Defense Requirements Committee to examine Britain’s defenses. After eight months of interminable wrangling and arguments, the cabinet finally agreed on the sum of seventy-one million pounds over the next five years to repair the defense deficiencies"

71 million pounds in today's money equal to about $ 8 BILLION dollars [USD].

That for tank and various mechanized development alone!!

coolbert.













Kim Atomics.

This is coolbert:

I'm watching you!

From the Victor Davis Hanson Internet web site and as also seen at the National Review this item concerning the man in Pyongyang. Kim the Merciless. And the threat as posed by same to the world order.

"Is Kim Jong-un an Evil Buffoon or an Evil Genius?"

"Kim Jong-un has accomplished something that neither his grandfather nor father pulled off during the last 70 years: bringing an existential threat to the shores of the United States. North Korea’s handful of missiles that are soon to be pointed our way will be seen as posing a greater existential threat than do the far more numerous nuclear-tipped missiles of Russia and China — on the premise that by feigning (?) madness Kim is far more likely to use them. How weird that the really dangerous adversaries are seen as posing a far lesser danger than the far weaker one. Iran is looking at all this as a tutorial."

"Even in the age of North Korean technological incompetence and American high-tech excellence, a sophisticated society assumes it cannot live with the idea that there is a 1-2 percent chance that a lone North Korean nuclear missile — due to a supposedly insane finger on the button that claims it is indifferent to threats of U.S. massive retaliation — could at any moment actually get through U.S. defenses to reach Pacific Heights or South Central LA."

So what is the man? Kim! And evil genius or an evil buffoon? Or something in-between. The Professor does not answer in a categorical specific manner.!

American policy makers and military planners also must take into consider the difference between the INTENTIONS of Kim and his CAPABILITIES! He has atomic weapons and a long-range missile delivery system. But what does he intend to do with them? That is the question!

A question [what are the intentions of Kim] that can only be answered by the use of what Sun Tzu termed the INWARD SPY! Sun defining such a person thusly:

"Worthy men who have been degraded from office, criminals who have undergone punishment; also, favorite concubines who are greedy for gold, men who are aggrieved at being in subordinate positions, or who have been passed over in the distribution of posts, others who are anxious that their side should be defeated in order that they may have a chance of displaying their ability and talents, fickle turncoats who always want to have a foot in each boat. Officials of these several kinds," . . . "should be secretly approached and bound to one's interests by means of rich presents. In this way you will be able to find out the state of affairs in the enemy's country, ascertain the plans that are being formed against you, and moreover disturb the harmony and create a breach between the sovereign and his ministers."

The United States intelligence community has such an INWARD SPY in Pyongyang? I would like to think so but doubt it!

coolbert.


Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Doklam RT.

This is coolbert:

From the homepage of the Russian Times Internet web site we have the question being asked with the public voting their opinion on the matter!

RT asks, readers vote.

"The Indo-Chinese border conflict involving Bhutan is"

* A prelude for a major war in Asia
* Merely unpleasant, will lead to economic tit-for-tat
* Mostly allows nationalists in both countries blow off steam
* Somehow Trump’s fault, we just don’t know how exactly

And the answers are by percentage:

   *  22% - A prelude for a major war in Asia

   *  29% - Merely unpleasant, will lead to economic tit-for-tat

    * 31% - Mostly allows nationalists in both countries blow off steam

    * 19% - Somehow Trump’s fault, we just don’t know how exactly

See previous blog entries the topic of which is the Doklam crisis:

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/07/doklam.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/08/threats.html

YES, and Don is to blame for it all!

coolbert.

Ward 22.

This is coolbert:

SADF = South African Defense Force.

Came across this one quite by accident. And indeed I am mildly surprised such a thing was so!

And as is so apropos with regard to the transgender controversy it being a current hot topic. Military service for transgender persons now a possible?

During the apartheid regime South African military conscripts forcibly [?] given sex change operations? Boys became girls [some willingly?] and even one girl became a boy?

From the article as seen in the English Guardian:

"Gays tell of mutilation by apartheid army"

"In practice, the army's treatment of gays was confused. Many found themselves in de facto 'gay battalions',"

"'In Uppington, virtually the whole battalion was queer until some general decided this should be broken up. There was one in Grahamstown. There was another in Pretoria. For some of them, these were supportive environments,'" 

"Some men joined the army specifically to get a sex change operation. But others were pressured into surgery by military psychologists after other methods failed. The army carried out as many as 50 sex change operations a year."

"Lesbians were also offered surgery - one woman is among those left partially altered after the programme was shut down."

TREATMENTS AS DEEMED APPROPRIATE NOT LIMITED TO SURGICAL TECHNIQUES.

Read further regarding this entire matter at these links:

https://tinyurl.com/y7yty32k

https://tinyurl.com/y6une7uh

coolbert.


ROK GI.

This is coolbert:

From The Week Internet web site.

I get a big laugh out of this one!

"For the first time, most Americans are ready to deploy troops to defend South Korea"

"Americans are increasingly willing to put U.S. boots on the ground to fight for South Korea in the event of a North Korean invasion, new poll results released Monday by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs reveal. In fact, for the first time since the organization began polling on this question in 1990, a majority of Americans — 62 percent — are ready to go to war for South Korea."


Click on image to see an enlarged view.

THIS ENTIRE ARTICLE IS ABSURD! AMERICAN MILITARY FORCES ["BOOTS ON THE GROUND"] FOR OVER SIXTY YEARS HAVE BEEN READY TO DEFEND SOUTH KOREA. U.S. TROOPS PERMANENTLY STATIONED IN THAT NATION IN SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS SINCE 1953 WHEN THE ARMISTICE WAS SIGNED!!

If and when the North Korean goes to war and invades the South with or without the use of nuclear weapons the loss of life civilian and military both to be prodigious. 

 BELIEVE TOO THAT A WAR BETWEEN DPRK [NORTH] AND ROK [SOUTH] WILL MAKE IRAQ AND AFGHAN COMBINED  SEEM AS A GALA EVENT!! EXPECT VERY HIGH CASUALTIES AMONG AMERICAN MILITARY PERSONNEL FROM THE EXACT MOMENT THE FIRST OVERT SHOT FIRED. THIS WILL HAPPEN.

Is this not obviously clear to everyone already?

coolbert.


Monday, August 7, 2017

DJI China.

This is coolbert:

From Sputnik the drones of war commercial style.

Cyber warfare commercially available drones for surveillance having embedded malware and spyware the purpose of which is for another part to watch YOU!

"Spy Toys: US Army Orders Troops to Stop Using Chinese Consumer Drones"

"The use of some Chinese off-the-shelf consumer drones by the US military has been banned as Pentagon brass fears they may be infected with surveillance tools and spyware."

"In claiming that there are unexplained 'operational risks' and 'cyber vulnerabilities' involved in the use of Chinese-made consumer-level drones by branches of the US military, the Pentagon has ordered that UAVs manufactured by the DJI company of China be immediately grounded and shut down."

I'm watching you! And you aren't even aware of it!

See previous blog entries the topic of which was smart phones being hijacked by malware as embedded:

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/03/racy-risque.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/01/lllu.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/01/enticing-hip.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2017/02/android.html

Hijackers able to use your own device without you knowing it to develop valuable military intelligence!

coolbert.

Sunday, August 6, 2017

Ready.

This is coolbert:

Short, terse, and to the point!

From LIEFERN FELDWEBEL through Harry at Sharkhunters:

"I learned that Germany is mobilizing all its military medical groups, whether for an exercise or for a future war . . . [during that period of] the Cold War one of the things to watch out for was the movement of ambulances, medical staff and fire engines out of cities."

Additional medical preparation as made in anticipation of war to include stockpiling of blood supply, skinning of cadavers, additional hospital beds arranged for and in place.

THIS IS ALL IN RESPONSE TO ZAPAD 2017?

Does Angela Merkel know something we all should know about but don't?

coolbert.


Zapad 2017.

This is coolbert:

From MARCONI.through Harry at Sharkhunters:

 "Moscow continues with its preparations for the Zapad 2017 bilateral strategic military exercises with Belarus in September, widely expected to the the largest display of Russian military strength since the disintegration of the Soviet Union . . . the Russian defense ministry supposedly plans to use more than 4,000 train cars to redeploy it s forces into Belarus for the exercise. . . . the sheer scale of the troop movements indicates a force size way beyond the officially reported 13,000 [troops] prompting speculation that Russian forces might stay behind Belarusian soil after Zapad 2017."

 From Popular Mechanics read this amazing stuff regarding the Zapad 2013 wargames:

"The Zapad 2013 exercises, also held by Russia and Belarus, were publicly claimed to involve approximately 12,000 troops but in reality that number was more like 90,000, according to the Atlantic Council. How many troops will really exercise in September is anyone's guess, although some NATO members believe the true number of troops will be around 100,000."

coolbert.





Threats.

This is coolbert:

More on the Doklam crisis. The stand-off between China and India.

Tensions unabated. Threats made. Nuclear powers at loggerheads as they say.

Thanks to Business Standard and the tip from Freeper. Nice image courtesy of Business Standard.

1. "Doklam: China mulls small-scale military ops to purge Indians in 2 weeks"

"The expert believed Indian foreign ministry would be informed beforehand"

"China is planning a "small scale military operation" to "expel" Indian troops from the Doklam area "within two weeks", an article in a state-run daily here said on Saturday."

2. "Doklam: Our army will 'annihilate' Indian troops, Chinese media warns Modi"

"'Modi mustn't pull India into reckless conflict'"

3. "Remember 1962 defeat: Chinese media warns India again amid Sikkim standoff"

"China has accused Indian troops of transgressing into its territory; stand-off started on June 16"

And who is going to back down first or can anyone arrive at an amicable agreement to settle differences?

Small-scale operation escalates into a large-scale operation and perhaps even beyond with the consequences potentially most terrible.

Some damn fool thing in the Himalaya! Doklam too might become another geography lesson for the American public? I hope not.

coolbert.

Saturday, August 5, 2017

Wagner.

This is coolbert:

An additional major build-up? Russians are in Syria for the long-haul.

From the latest edition of the DEBKAfile newsletter and copied more or less in entirety this story:

"Russia flies 2,000 mercenary troops into Syria"
   
2 August.

"Russia is engaged in a major buildup in Syria, both in support of the de-escalation zones established in conjunction with the United States, and in order to solidify its military control of the country."

"DEBKAfile's military and intelligence sources reported exclusively on Wednesday, August 2, that 2,000 mercenaries had just been airlifted into the country, boosting to a total of 5,000 the number of mercenaries on hire from the Wagner Group private contractors for service under the Russian flag in Syria. They are all retirees from elite units of the Russian ground forces, air force or navy."

"In another new Russian project, our military sources also report the arrival in the past few days of Muslim troops from the republic of Ingushetia. Although clad in Russian military police uniforms, they are actually commandoes trained in anti-terror warfare. They have been posted as 'ceasefire monitors' at the three de-escalation zones established by Russia and the United States along the Syrian borders with Israel, Jordan and Iraq.".

"The placement of Russian Muslim forces or hired mercenaries on Israel's northern border - in the guise of ceasefire monitors - poses a serious problem for Jerusalem. Russia's record for keeping its promises and commitments on its military moves in Syria is far from good. The US has confirmed that Russia gave Israel a commitment that Iranian and pro-Iranian forces, including Hizballah, would not be allowed to approach the Syrian-Israeli border."

INGUSH PEOPLE MUSLIM! HARDLY CAN THE ISRAELI BE HAPPY WITH THIS SITUATION EVEN BEYOND WHAT ALREADY EXISTED!

Wagner Group I had never heard of. Private military force in the manner of a Blackwater, Sandline, Executive Outcomes, etc.

coolbert.


Friday, August 4, 2017

Polaris UK.

This is coolbert:

Before there Trident UK there was Polaris UK. Some historical perspective is appropriate with regard to the current British debate to replace the current Vanguard class SSBN with a more modern Dreadnought SSBN.

"The United Kingdom's Polaris programme provided the first submarine-based British nuclear weapons system."

"'Polaris' itself was an operational system of four Resolution-class submarines, each armed with 16 UGM-27 Polaris A-3 ballistic missiles, with each missile able to deliver three ET.317 thermonuclear warheads around a single target. This configuration was later upgraded to carry two hardened warheads along with a range of decoys."

As with the current Vanguard class SSBN the British with Polaris UK:

* Developing and manufacturing their own submarines. To include the nuclear power plant. The Resolution-class submarines.

* Providing heir own warhead for the Polaris missile. This was the  ET.317 warhead. BETTER THAN THE AMERICAN VERSION!

BRITISH EXPERTS ALSO OF THE OPINION THAT AMERICAN WARHEAD FOR THE POLARIS MISSILE UNSAFE!! RATHER BETTER DESCRIBED AS UNRELIABLE?

THOSE RESOLUTION CLASS SSBN ALSO THOUGHT FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS TO BE SUPERIOR TO THE AMERICAN COUNTER-PART.

coolbert.






Thursday, August 3, 2017

Chevaline.

This is coolbert:

Referring further to the topic of the British submarine ballistic missile firing force. The nuclear option if and when needed.

That article with extract of interest and thanks to Chris Revell.

"Arguments For, Against Renewing Britain’s Submarine Deterrent"

"Should Britain renew Trident or would it be better to adopt a different deterrent posture? Or disarm altogether?"

Further:

"At this point Britain could always carry out a Chevaline-esque update, though based on the experience of this Cold War project it would likely deliver minor improvement at significant cost."

WHAT EXACTLY WAS/IS CHEVALINE?

"Chevaline (pronounced: Shev-a-leen) was a system to improve the penetrability of the warheads used by the British Polaris nuclear weapons system. Devised as an answer to the improved Soviet anti-ballistic missile defences around Moscow, the system increased the probability that at least one warhead would penetrate Moscow's anti-ballistic missile (ABM) defences, something which the Royal Navy's earlier UGM-27 Polaris re-entry vehicles (RV)s were thought to be unlikely to do."


"Chevaline used a variety of penetration aids and decoys to offer so many indistinguishable targets that an opposing ABM system would be overwhelmed attempting to deal with them all, ensuring that enough warheads would get through an ABM defence to be a reasonable deterrent to a first strike. The project was highly secret, and survived in secrecy through four different governments before being revealed in 1980."

AT THIS STAGE THE DISCUSSION AMONG THE ENGLISH MORE ABOUT THE REPLACEMENTS FOR THE CURRENT SSBN FORCE, THE VANGUARD CLASS SUBMARINES. THE SHIPS THEMSELVES IN QUESTION AND THE NOT THE MISSILES OR WARHEADS.

Chevaline a good idea as implemented at the time but not so totally germane to the current debate?

coolbert.




A & S.

This is coolbert:

From the excellent Internet web site isegoria.net this item. With a lesson to be learned by all.

"Korea established a pattern"

"Korea established a pattern that has been unfortunately followed in American wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan"

AS NOTED AND EXTRACTED A PATTERN TO INCLUDE BUT HARDLY LIMITED TO:

* "With the exception of some of the South Korean and South Vietnamese military units, these have been wars with in-country allies that were not dependable."

WITHOUT QUESTION THE AMERICAN MILITARY HARDLY ALONE IN THIS REGARD!

Think the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Battle of the Crater.

"A bunch of third-rate, fly-blown chaps!"

NOT however the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. Thanks to the You Tube video.

"- Empire Warriors 1 of 4: Mad Mitch and His Tribal Law"

Specifically in this instance referring to the Arab Police mutiny, Aden, 1967.

Local Arab constabulary trained and equipped by the British turning their weapons on their mentors.

"The Arab Police mutiny an incident during the Aden Emergency where Arab soldiers and police mutinied against British troops. While the mutiny itself was localized and quickly suppressed, it undermined the South Arabian Federation which had been organized by Britain in 1959 as an intended successor to direct colonial rule."

British troops massacred. Retribution harsh, draconian and unremitting. Cruel even!

Empires [including the United States and additionally ancient Rome] have all had problems with unreliable allies? Probably so. Nothing new under the sun! That You Tube video the actions in Aden of the A and S Highlanders and their commander Mad Mitch I recommend highly without qualification or reservation.

 coolbert.

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

FP RM.

This is coolbert:

Here comes the man in blue!!

"A member of the armed services on the deck of HMS Vigilant [SSBN] at HM Naval Base Clyde, also known as Faslane "

43 Commando!!

Dedicated ground force assets in the Royal Navy [RN] their mission to guard the RN nuclear weapons assets. The Trident missile firing submarines.

Thanks for the image to Danny Lawson/PA.

"43 Commando Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines"

"The 43 Commando Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines (43 Cdo FP Gp RM), formerly Comacchio Company Royal Marines (1980–1983), Comacchio Group Royal Marines (1983–2001) and Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines (2001–2012), is a 550-man unit of the Royal Marines responsible for guarding the United Kingdom's Naval nuclear weapons"

NOT hardly a sailor with a rifle standing guard over a submarine. A well-trained and ready-to-go combat troop that will give a good account of himself under any circumstances.

During a time of crisis and in those few hours BEFORE overt hostilities begin those naval special-purpose units of the Russian [Soviets before that] conducting what is called "pink terror" missions. Destroy in situ nuclear assets by any means necessary. Nuclear submarines with an atomic weapons potential being an obvious target. Submarines while in harbor and at dock requiring a special guard force such as the FP RM!!

Think pink the antidote for which is the FP RM!! 

coolbert.

Dreadnought SSBN.

This is coolbert:

The British considering phasing out the current Vanguard class of SSBN and replacing with the Dreadnought class a controversial subject in England.

"SSBN - the SS denotes submarine (or submersible ship), the B denotes ballistic missile, and the N denotes that the submarine is nuclear-powered."

Here with a discussion of the topic:.

"Taking down the arguments against Trident"

"The case for Trident – disposing of common arguments against renewing Britain’s nuclear weapons capability and the Royal Navy’s Successor submarines."

Missiles as sold to the British by U.S. manufacturer. Submarine and nuclear warhead of English design and construction!!

Arguments against development of the Dreadnought class "in the nutshell" to include but not limited to:

* “Trident is a waste because it has never been used”

* “Trident is an outdated weapon of the Cold War which is over”

* “Trident can’t protect us against terrorism”

* “Trident will cost £100Bn, think of all the hospitals we could build instead”

* “Trident is about big profits for arms manufacturers”

* “Abandoning Trident would set a good example and allow a ‘reset’ of global politics”

* “Trident is immoral

* “Trident is illegal and breaches international laws and treaties”

* “If we got rid of Trident we could increase our conventional forces”

* “The UK deterrent is not independent, we need US permission to use it”

* “Supporters of Trident are hawks, warmongers or don’t appreciate what nuclear war would mean”

LET US BE 100 % ABUNDANTLY CLEAR ABOUT THIS. OTHER THAN THE CURRENT VANGUARD CLASS OF SSBN THE BRITISH NO LONGER HAVE A STRATEGIC ATOMIC DETERRENT! WITH VANGUARD GONE AND NO DREADNOUGHT THE ENGLISH FROM THAT POINT FORWARD SANS NUCLEAR OPTION AS BEST I UNDERSTAND IT!

Read further additional articles regarding this matter:

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/blog/2010/apr/30/savings-scrapping-trident-negligible-snp

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-13442735

http://atlanticsentinel.com/2013/07/arguments-for-against-renewing-britains-submarine-deterrent/

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/defence/9900234/There-is-no-magic-alternative-to-Trident-Britain-has-got-to-keep-it.html

http://parliamentstreet.org/blog/home-affairs/2015/moral-case-trident/

coolbert.


Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Balakliya.

This is coolbert:

ONLY very vaguely was I aware of this. War by drone as attack vehicle NOT merely for surveillance. Thanks to the outstanding Internet web site isegoria.net we have this item of interest.

   "The Ukrainian SBU – the equivalent of the FBI – now believe that the destruction of a giant arms depot at Balakliya in eastern Ukraine in March was carried out by a small drone. The spectacular explosion and fire destroyed some seventy thousand tons of munitions with damage estimated at a billion dollars, though only one person was killed. This destruction is a graphic illustration of the threat posed by small drones, as many other high-value targets may be equally vulnerable."

"It just has to bring the detonator"

"Back before GPS was ubiquitous, a couple decades ago, I thought it would lend itself all too well to sabotage or terrorism. Imagine sending out a fleet of miniature, autonomous Hindenburgs to burn down a dozen targets on a windless night, or dropping lawn darts from the sky."

"The Russians figured this out, it would appear:"

Read the whole article.


This is an image of the arms depot with detonations as actually occurring? Those appear to be white phosphorus [WP] rounds going off? The cost-benefit basis of such an attack by drone in this instance at least in the millions. Dollar value of items destroyed as compared to the value of  the attacking drone.

Can be "figured" out not only by the Russian but by any terrorist or insurgent using low-cost and readily available commercial product!! That cost for such "gear" as a mini-drone a pittance compared to the value of the damage done!!

I HOPE HOMELAND SECURITY IS AWARE OF THIS? EVERY CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES WILL  HAVE TO BE EQUIPPED WITH AN ON-SITE GPS JAMMER! MILITARY ARMS DEPOTS, NUCLEAR FACILITIES, REFINERIES, ETC. MEASURES AND COUNTER-MEASURES. AND NOW!! DHS IS ON THE BALL WITH THIS?

coolbert.

AGI.

This is coolbert:

Rise of the Machines a popular topic for blog entries now we have the final word on the subject? Computers, robots, drones, software becoming sentient, rebellious, wreaking havoc on all mankind! Exaggerated?

"There are two different concepts that are referred to as AI. There is the kind of AI that people have been developing for decades and that has, especially in the last decade, been having huge effects on society. That's the kind of AI Zuckerberg is talking about. Then, there's a Sci Fi notion of AI, sometimes called AGI (artificial general intelligence) that is a purely hypothetical construct. This kind of AI can improve itself, can create its own goals, can develop creative solutions to the problems it poses itself, and, in more apocalyptic scenarios, can unilaterally take actions that destroy all human life. That's what Musk is talking about," - - Michael L. Littman,  Professor of Computer Science at Brown University

From and with thanks to © Sputnik/ Sony Pictures Releasing CIS Tech [that image by Sony?]

"Apocalyptic Scenario of Artificial Intelligence Destroying Humans Exaggerated"

"The dangers of artificial intelligence (AI) technology, in particular, the scenario in which it exterminates the humankind, are exaggerated, meanwhile, AI has already proved its ability to improve human life and will continue to do so, experts in the field told Sputnik."

Strictly hypothetical! Of course! Nothing to worry about! Nothing can go wrong, go wrong, go wrong, go wrong! Can you dig it?

In the meantime, I'm watching you!

coolbert.


Hydra.

This is coolbert:

The hydra-headed monster?

Marawi and the battle for control of the city of far greater significance that we realize? Hardly a conflict as confined to the Philippines? Marawi as it transpires now assuming proportions of global geo-strategic importance.

"These terrorists [with the Maute and Abu Sayyaf groups] are using combat tactics that we've seen in the Middle East… it's the first time [Daesh]-inspired forces have banded together to fight on this kind of scale in this region," - - American Admiral Harry Harris.

"'Marawi Should Be a Wake-Up Call' USPACOM Head Warns of Daesh Migration to Asia"

From Sputnik the original article © REUTERS/ Romeo Ranoco

PACOM = Pacific Command. Daesh = Islamic State.

"Though Daesh is slowly being crushed in the Middle East, the fight against the terrorist group and its ideology is not over: it's just moving to the Pacific, the head of US forces in the Pacific said Friday."

The battle for Mosul over. The battle for Raqqa under way. That perception is that the Islamic State on the ropes and on-the-way out once and for all! So is the belief in some quarters I am sure. NOT a done-deal as of yet but close?

If and when the Caliphate in Iraq and Syria destroyed a new Caliphate will emerge? The Moro of the southern Philippines will control a contiguous territory which will become a rallying point for jihadists of the Salafist persuasion the world-over?

coolbert.










Monday, July 31, 2017

CC II.

This is coolbert:

Continuing and concluding with the contribution of the British to the war in the Pacific against Japan. NOT the Commonwealth Corps and NOT CBI [Chinese-Burma-India] but in this case the concerted and determined effort of the English to liberate Malaya from Japanese occupation!

Zipper. Mailfist. Broadsword.

PRIMARILY THE MALAYAN PENINSULA NEEDED TO BE RECAPTURED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE FOR FINANCIAL REASONS? THAT FLOW OF TIN AND RUBBER ESSENTIAL CREATING A FAVORABLE CASH FLOW ESSENTIAL TO THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

"The United States government opposed conducting military operations to liberate Malaya and Singapore on the grounds that the shipping and other resources used in the campaign would reduce those available for the planned invasion of Japan, Operation Downfall. However, the British government believed that it was necessary to liberate Singapore as early as possible on both military and political grounds."

After the dropping of the atomic bombs and Japanese surrender, Zipper, Mailfist and Broadsword not needed. But it could have been!

coolbert.




CC I.

This is coolbert:

Only very vaguely was I familiar with this. Units of the British Empire military as detailed for the invasion of Japan if and when such an eventuality was to occur.

The Commonwealth Corps. Military force of empire, ground force contingents of what was often referred to as the white dominions.

"The Commonwealth Corps was the name given to a proposed British Commonwealth army formation, which was scheduled to take part in the planned Allied invasion of Japan in during 1945 and 1946. The corps was never formed, however, as the Japanese surrender obviated any need for it. Under the proposals the corps would have comprised Australian, British, Canadian and New Zealand forces."

An ARMY sized echelon. Four divisions [?] comprising two corps plus! An ARMY!

Restrictions and requirements as were foreseen by the planners to include:

 * "use only US equipment and logistics"

*  "kept in reserve"

 * "not include Indian Army units [British Indian Army]".

See previous blog entries the topic of which was the British contribution to the war in the Pacific proposed and otherwise:

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2012/11/lrdg-sas.html

http://militaryanalysis.blogspot.com/2011/08/tiuger-foprce.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Pacific_Fleet

That British Pacific Fleet in 1945 the largest and most powerful British naval contingent ever to sail. And performing yeoman duty during the battle for Okinawa.

coolbert.