Friday, March 23, 2018


This is coolbert:

More is needed! Much more! WC-135 aircraft.

"Pentagon Expects Need for More Nuke Sniffers After US-North Korea Summit"

From and thanks to the Russian Internet web site Sputnik.

"The head of US Pacific Command has informed lawmakers that more intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft will be needed to monitor the Korean Peninsula in the event that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and US President Donald Trump reach an accord" [to dismantle nuclear weapons and nuclear weapon delivery systems]


Only one WC-135 currently active and operational? If indeed a treaty with Kim of DPRK ever promulgated, verification will be difficult? WC-135 that one only existing and equipped aircraft not able to meet demands

See previous blog entries the topic of which was the detection of radioactive particles in the atmosphere the WC-135 called to duty in such instances:


Acevado POW.

This is coolbert:

"You only live once. Let's keep trucking. If we don't do that, who's going to do it for us? We have to be happy. Why hate?"  — Anthony Acevedo.

From the most recent Chicago Tribune Sunday edition. Obituaries:

"Anthony Acevedo, 93, Army medic in World War II who was captured and sent to various German prison and labor camps while being mislabeled as Jewish and who after the war had to sign an affidavit pledging not to discuss what he witnessed - - meant to be a short-term security measure."


"Acevedo and other survivors of Berga were instructed to sign a document that swore them to secrecy regarding their experiences at the Nazi camp. The U.S. Army maintains it was to protect escapees and the local populace who helped POWs,"

German civilians giving aid and comfort to American soldiers during World War Two? Have never seen this mentioned anywhere. Such persons perhaps organized into an Escape and Evasion [E and E] network in the aftermath of the war? I just do not know but speculate here.

"Acevedo himself was subject to abuses at the hands of the Gestapo, including being raped as part of his torture."

Rape as a weapon of war quite common. Man-on-man rape during wartime much less common but not unheard of. Degradation, humiliation, abuse of a sexual nature destroying the self-esteem of the POW. As was the case during the Great War, British officers subjected to man-on-man rape ordeal by their Turkish captors.

Truly I find ideas for blog entries at the most surprising sources!



Thursday, March 22, 2018

Spring 1918.

This is coolbert:

Indeed. One-hundred years ago yesterday [21 March] so began Operation Michael. The German Spring Offensive of 1918. One million Germans troops their objective to knock the French and English out of the war or at the least create conditions favorable to the German during negotiations.

Thanks to You Tube see these outstanding videos dealing with the offensive, German tactics, the big-push-forward and frenzied operational concept that nearly succeeded. Also consider reasons for ultimate German failure of the Spring Offensive.

Sector taken! Blue Cross! Green Cross! Yellow Cross. Ground strafing aircraft.

Again, concentrate on reasons for: 1. German success. 2. Ultimate German failure. Go see it all. Good stuff!



This is coolbert:

"it is the bitterest of military insults contain the accusation of crowd like conduct - - rabble, riff-raff, scum,. canaille, Pobel - - the deepest contempt soldiers can harbor is reserved for leaders whose armies, dissolve between their fingers - - Cadorna, Kerensky, Gough, Gamelin, Perceval. - - Sir John Keegan."

Gough General Sir Hubert Gough. His reputation from the Great War [WW1] very poor. But undeserved?

"General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough . . . was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War. A favourite of the British Commander-in-Chief, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, he experienced a meteoric rise through the ranks during the war and commanded the British Fifth Army from 1916 to 1918."

Thanks to the tip from Mann!

"Stabbed In The Front: Operation Michael, The Ultimate Pyrrhic Victory"

That destruction the British Fifth Army during the German Spring Offensive of 1918 [one-hundred years ago now] almost deciding the Great War on terms favorable to the German. Gough seen as the villain, an incompetent and ineffective leader.

Again, the reputation and legacy undeserved?

"The offensive continued for the next two weeks, but finally ground to a halt. Key to the British success was the coolness of General Gough of the British 5th Army that bore the brunt of the German attack, although Gough ended up being sacked as a scapegoat for the German advance, conservative historian Andrew Roberts pays tribute to him in his 2006 book, 'A History of the English Speaking Peoples since 1900'"

"The offensive saw a great wrong perpetrated on a distinguished British commander that was not righted for many years. Gough's Fifth Army had been spread thin on a 42-mile front lately taken over from the exhausted and demoralized French. The reason why the Germans did not break through to Paris, as by all the laws of strategy they ought to have done, was the heroism of the Fifth Army and its utter refusal to break. They fought a 38-mile rearguard action, contesting every village, field and, on occasion, yard...With no reserves and no strongly defended line to its rear, and with eighty German divisions against fifteen British, the Fifth Army fought the Somme offensive to a standstill on the Ancre, not retreating beyond Villers-Bretonneux."

Retreat in orderly manner good and not shameful. Retreat in a disorderly manner bad and shameful. The Fifth Army orderly and best as it could be? Gough rehabilitated? You the devoted reader to the blog decided for yourself.


Wednesday, March 21, 2018

BAR Korea.

This is coolbert:

Concerning the Browning Automatic Rifle [BAR] and as extracted from a previous blog entry:

"A typical BAR gunner of the Korean War carried the twelve-magazine belt and combat suspenders, with three or four extra magazines in pockets. Extra canteens, .45 pistol, grenades, and a flak vest added still more weight."

That weight alone of a BAR with sixteen loaded magazines as carried by one man about forty-three pounds [19.5 kilo grams]. That weight not including the remaining and normal accoutrements of the fighting load to include uniform with helmet and boots, web gear, and as mentioned auto-loading pistol, grenades, canteen or canteens full of water and at the latter stages of the Korean War a flak vest [8 pounds/3.5 kilo grams].

A monstrous load!

A BAR gunner accompanied in all [?] circumstances by an assistant gunner also carrying a full load of magazines [sixteen].

Also perhaps in addition to the assistant gunner an ammo bearer by some TO and E [Table of Organization and Equipment]? This is unclear.

A U.S. Marine infantry squad during the Korean War the basis of which was a four-man BAR fire team. Each team a gunner, assistant gunner and two riflemen for protection. Each squad with three BAR teams and a squad leader [thirteen men].


Further observations and comments:

* American infantry units in WW2 and Korea weaponry as issued having an ammunition commonality. Garand rifle, the BAR and the M1919 machine gun as all firing the thirty-caliber round.

* BAR the BEST small arms weapon of the Korean War as carried by American troops? That BEST small arms weapon of the Korean War however being the Soviet Shpagin PPSh-41 sub-machine gun?

BEST as that word understood within context as a judgment based on a multitude of considerations and factors, subjective in all cases.


Tuesday, March 20, 2018


This is coolbert:

Before there was Astute there was Tireless?

HMS Tireless a hard-luck ship? One problem, two problem, a whole bunch of problem?

Faulty and poorly maintained oxygen candles not solely a matter of concern?

"HMS Tireless [S88] was one of seven Trafalgar Class submarines launched in 1984.

"In May 2000 the 130-strong crew found themselves at the centre of an intense political and environmental row when it was forced to spend 12 months in Gibraltar for repairs. The Spanish feared damage to its nuclear reactor cooling system could pose dangers to the locals."

"HMS Tireless [S88] was the third Trafalgar-class nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy . . . The vessel experienced a number of serious accidents during its operational life."

As was Tireless so is Astute? Astute found not to be able to achieve maximum speed as was designed. Then the vessel [Astute] ran aground. Then the mass shooting inside the warship [Astute] by a disgruntled or deranged sailor. Too many problems and as perceived suffering from hard luck?


American nuclear submarines do not think [or as for anyone else] totally perfect without flaw. One patrol may generate as many as forty work orders, condition Amber [not deadlined] in most cases.

In brief, consider the most complicated things made by mankind are complicated.


Monday, March 19, 2018


This is coolbert:

"Image courtesy of  CSIRO."

Thanks to the input from WIZARD and Harry at Sharkhunters:

"AUSSIE CRYSTALS –   Carbon dioxide scrubbers: The Australian national science agency CSIRO is teaming up with engineering services company QinetiQ on a project that aims to provide better conditions for sailors through the use of advanced crystal technology called Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs). As submarines are an enclosed space, CO2 expelled by the crews’ breathing and other chemical processes builds up and can eventually become toxic."

"Scrubbers" as they are called for Australian diesel/electric boats. "Scrubbers" to absorb CO2 and prevent an potential dangerous build-up of carbon-dioxide in the submarine. Lessening the time spent near the surface snorkeling and replenishing oxygen supplies and purging noxious gases. Allow for a more healthy working environment.

Measures to maintain a suitable and "healthy working environment" in a submerged vessel often gone awry. Read here and here of such instances. Oxygen candles what they are called on occasion even more danger to the submarine than a foul atmosphere.